With a variety of farming types, it can be said that tiger shrimp and white leg shrimp are growing more and more stable on the land of Ca Mau. In particular, the types of strengths such as shrimp - forest are over 80,000 hectares, the area has built linkage farming area and certified is nearly 20,000 hectares. This type of industry is being implemented by many specialized and scientific branches, applying science and technology, contributing to improving productivity, value and livelihoods of people under the forest cover.
In the type of shrimp - rice, in 2018, Ca Mau has developed over 40,000 ha with productivity and output increase for both shrimp and rice. In particular, extensive shrimp improved rapidly due to the efficiency and stable income. From the application of science and technology such as using biological preparations to improve ponds, nursery ponds design combined with stocking ponds; Especially in 2018 this type was upgraded to organic rice, shrimp - rice production model. It is also an advantage of Ca Mau now because of its good productivity and sustainable development with an area of 135,000 ha and an average yield of nearly 600 kg/ha.
The type of intensive and super intensive shrimp farming is still such a strength that the agricultural sector is to take measures to develop in a sustainable and stable manner. From about 100 hectares of super-intensive shrimp farming at the end of 2016, the whole province has increased to 2,072 hectares with more than 1,982 farming households, contributing about 20% of farmed shrimp production in the province, contributing to total capture and aquaculture production of nearly 500,000 tons, annual export turnover of over 1.2 billion USD. According to the forecast, this type of farming will continue to develop strongly in the coming time, capable of reaching 5,000 hectares by 2020 and 10,000 hectares by 2030.
Deputy Director of Ca Mau Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Chau Mau Bang: “Super intensive shrimp farming in Ca Mau has developed very quickly over the past time. In 2018, the area of this type increased by over 1,000 hectares. Due to the great profitability and high success rate, the province is very interested in directing the development of this type of farming in the near future”.
Although last year, Ca Mau has not been supported with capital from the Central Shrimp Scheme but the efforts of the agricultural sector has brought many important results. It is a stepping stone for the province to actively set up a plan to develop the shrimp industry in the following years, especially focusing on developing the type of ecological shrimp, organic shrimp, including shrimp - forest and shrimp - rice. At the same time, the province focuses on strong developing improved extensive shrimp model to reach the target of 140,000 - 145,000 ha.
Mr. Chau Cong Bang said: “In order to achieve the plan as well as the productivity set out, the industry is focusing on all projects that prioritize technical processes, key effective production models, selecting models suitable for each region and the capacity of the people to reach the highest efficiency”.
Particularly, the application of technology, information and environmental treatment against epidemics is prioritized for intensive and super intensive shrimp farming which is selectively developed. Besides, the industry does not pay attention to strongly develop the area but the productivity, quality and sustainability of the model. At the same time, farming area outside the planning, failure implementation of regulations and technical procedures for farming will be punished strictly.
The initial effect of shrimp farming under value chain is considered a model of the current intensive and super intensive shrimp farming. This type helps farmers solve the problem of capital, input material prices to the output purchased by processing enterprises with stable prices. Since then, it brings high profits, stabilizes productivity and contributes to preventing epidemics, building a stable and sustainable material area.
Mr. Chau Cong Bang emphasized: “In addition to strict management of input materials for the aquaculture sector, the province also enhance to manage food safety for the output. The the extension work is guided on technology transfer to people, especially new technology and technology 4.0 in shrimp farming. This is a very important leverage in speeding up the industry to achieve output as proposed project. ”
In 2018, the total production of Ca Mau shrimp reached 550,000 tons, an increase of 4.7% over the same period. According to Ca Mau shrimp project, by 2020 shrimp production will reach 230,000 tons, export turnover will reach 2 billion USD; in 2025 production reached 320,000 tons, export turnover of 2.5 billion USD; in 2030, output reached 400,000 tons, export turnover of 3 billion USD.